If you are planning to open an espresso bar/coffee shop, then manufacturing an effective store design and layout will be one of the most important components in positioning your business for success.
Speed of service is critical to the profitability of a coffee business. An effective ergonomic store design will grant you to maximize your sales by serving as a good deal of clients as possible for the duration of peak business periods. Even though your business may be open 12 to 16 hours a day, in reality, 80% of your sales will probably take place for the duration of 20% of those hours. Coffee is primarily a morning beverage, so your busy times of day (those times when you are most likely to have a line of waiting customers), may be from 6:30AM to 8:30AM, and then again around lunchtime. If you have a poor store layout, that does not provide a logical and effective flow for clients and employees, then the speed of client service and product preparation will be impaired.
Think of it like this; if someone pulls open the front door of your store, and they see 5 people are waiting in line to order, there’s a good probability they’ll come in, wait in line, and make a purchase. But, if they see that 20 humans are waiting in line, there is a high prospect that they may determine that the wait will be too long, and they will plainly get coffee someplace else. This is cash that just escaped your cash register! And, if they come to your store multiple times, and ofttimes find a long line of waiting customers, they may determine you are not a viable option for coffee, and will in all probability never return. Poor design slows down the entire service process, resulting in a longer line of waiting customers, and lost sales. So in reality, your daily business income will be dependent upon how a great deal of clients you may serve for the duration of peak business periods, and good store design will be necessary to achieving that objective!
The financial affect of a poor store design may be significant. For the sake of this example, let’s say the intermediate client dealing for your coffee business will be $3.75. If you have a line of waiting clients each morning amidst 7:00 AM and 8:30 AM, this means you have 90 minutes of crunch time, in which you will have to drive through as a good deal of clients as possible. If you may service a client each 45 seconds, you will serve 120 clients for the duration of this 90 minutes. But, if it takes you 1 minute 15 seconds to service each customer, then you will only be capable to serve 72 customers. 120 clients x $3.75 = $450.00 x 30 business days per month = $13,500. 72 clients x $3.75 = $270.00 x 30 business days per month = $8,100. This represents a divergence of $5,400 in sales per month ($64,800 per year), coming from just 90-minutes of business action each day!
So how will have to you go when it comes to designing your coffee bar? First, understand that putting together a good design is like assembling a puzzle. You have to fit all the pieces in the proper kinship to each other to end up with the desired picture. This may require a heap of trial and error to get things right. I’ve designed hundreds of coffee bar over the past 15 years, and I may with truth tell you from experience, it still ordinarily takes me a couple of attempts to construct an optimal design.
The design routine begins by determining your menu and other desired store features. If you plan to do in-store baking, then plainly you’ll need to include in your plan an oven, exhaust hood, sheet pan rack, a huge prep table, and perhaps a mixer. If you plan to have a private meeting room for huge groups, then an extra 200 sq. ft. or more will need to be designed-in, in addition to the square footage you are already allocating for normal client seating.
Your intended menu and other business features ought to also drive conclusions regarding the size of emplacement you select. How galore square feet will be required to fit in all the necessary equipment, fixtures, and other features, along with your desired seating capacity?
Typically, just the space required for the front of the house service area, (cash register, brewing & espresso equipment, pastry case, blenders, etc.), back of the house (storage, prep, dishwashing and office areas), and 2-ADA restrooms, will consume with regards to 800 sq. ft. If space for broad feed prep, baking, coffee roasting, or cooking will be required, this square footage may increase to 1,000 to 1,200, or more. What ever is left over within your space after that, will become your seating area.
So, a typical 1,000 sq. ft coffee bar, serving beverages and simple pastries only, will in all likelihood concede for the seating of 15 to 20 clients – max! Increase that square footage to 1,200 sq. ft., and seating ought to increase to 30, or 35. If you plan to prepare sandwiches, salads, and a good deal of other feed items on site, 1,400 to 1,600 sq. ft. ought to provide sufficient space to seat 35 to 50, respectively.
Next, you will have to determine the tasks that will be performed by each employee position, so that the instrumentation and fixtures necessary to accomplish those tasks may be located in the suitable places.
Normally, your cashier will operate the cash register, brew and serve drip coffee, and serve pastries and desserts. Your barista will make all your espresso-based beverages, tea, chai, hot chocolate, Italian sodas, as well as all the blender beverages. If you’ll be preparing sandwiches, panini, wraps, salads, snacks and appetizers, or will be baking on-site, then a person consecrated to feed prep will be necessary. And, if you expect high volume, and will be serving in or on ceramics, a bus-person/dishwasher may be a necessity.
After you have determined what you will be serving, the space you will be leasing, and what each employee will be responsible for, you will then be ready to get started your design process. I commonly get started my design work from the back door of the space and work my way forward. You’ll need to design in all of the features that will be necessary to satisfy your bureaucracies and facilitate your menu, before you make plans for the client seating area.
Your back door will most likely have to serve as an emergency fire exit, so you’ll need a hallway connecting it with your dining room. Locating your 2-ADA restrooms off of this hallway would make good sense. And, because deliverance of productions will also in all probability occur through your back door, having access to your back of the house storage area would also be convenient.
In the back of the house, at minimum, you will need to include a water heater, water purification system, arid storage area, back-up refrigerator and freezer storage, ice maker, an office, 3-compartment ware washing sink, rack for washed wares, mop bucket sink, and a hand washing sink. Do any feed prep, and the addition of a feed prep sink and prep table will be necessary. If doing baking, gelato making, full cooking, or coffee roasting, all the instrumentation necessary for those functions will likewise need to be added.
After all the features have been designed into the back of the house, you will then be ready to begin your design work on the front of the house service and beverage preparation area. This area will in all probability include a pastry case, cash register(s), drip coffee brewer and grinder(s), espresso machine and grinders, a dipper well, perchance a granita machine, blenders, ice keeping bin, blender rinse sink, hand washing sink, under counter refrigeration (under espresso machine and blenders), and a microwave oven.
If serving feed beyond simple pastries and desserts, you may need to add a panini toaster grill, a refrigerated sandwich/salad preparation table, soup cooker/warmer, a bread toaster, etc. If you plan to serve pre made, ready to serve sandwiches, wraps, and salads, along with a selection of bottled beverages, an open-front, reach-in retail refrigerator must be considered. Serving ice cream or gelato? If the answer is yes, then an ice cream or gelato dipping cabinet will be necessary along with an further and added dipper well.
Finally, when all the working areas of the bar have been designed, the client seating area may be laid out. This will, of course, include your cafe tables and chairs, couches and comfortable upholstered chairs, coffee tables, and perhaps a window or stand-up bar with bar stools. Impulse-buy and selling merchandise shelves must be established, and a condiment bar ought to be located close to where clients will pick-up their beverages.
A quick word in regards to couches, big upholstered chairs, and coffee tables. Living room type furniture takes up a lot of space. If you plan to be opening evenings, and will perchance serve beer and wine, and having comfortable seating will be crucial for creating a relaxing ambiance, then by all means do it. But if you have fixed seating space, and are not attempting to give hope or courage to humans to relax and stay for long periods of time, then stick with cafe tables and chairs. The more persons you may seat, the dandier your income potential!
Features from the front door to the condiment bar will have to be arranged in a logical, sequential order. As your clients enter the front door, their travel path ought to take them past your impulse-buy merchandise display, and the pastry case, before they arrive at the point of order (where your cashier, cash register, and menu-board will be located). Exposing clients to your instinctive items and pastries, before they order, will principally increase their sales. Then, after the order and payment has been taken, they will have to carry on down-line away from the cash register to pick-up their beverage, and finally, the condiment bar ought to be located beyond that point. Be sure to discerned your point of order from the point of product pick-up by at least six feet, other than as supposed or expected clients waiting for their beverage may begin to intrude into the space of those ordering.
Don’t make the faults that numerous inexperienced designers commonly make. They arrange these features in a haphazard way, so that clients have to modify direction, and cut back through the line of awaiting clients to proceed to their next destination in the service sequence. Or, wanting to make their espresso machine a focal point to those entering the store, they place it before the cashier along the customer’s path of travel. Customers inevitably end up attempting to order from the barista before they are informed that they need to carry on to the cashier first. If this happens dozens of times each day, confusedness and slowed beverage production will be the result.
On the employee’s side of the counter, work and product flow are even more important. Any unnecessary steps or wasted movements that result from a less than optimal design will slow down employee production. All productions will have to flow seamlesly in one direction towards the extreme point of pick-up. For example, if preparing a queer item is a 3-step process, then placement of instrumentation will have to concede for the 3 steps to take place in order, in one linear direction, with the final step occurring nearest to the point where clients will be served.
Equipment ought to be grouped together so that it is in the prompt proximity of the employee(s) who will be using it. Beyond the actual equipment, empty spaces must be left on the counter top to store ingredients and little wares (tools) employed in product preparation. Counter top space will also be necessitated where menu items will actually be assembled. Think of the grouping of instrumentation for dissimilar occupation functions as stations. Try to keep dissimilar stations compact and in close working proximity to each other, but make sure that there is sufficient space amidst each so that employee working-paths don’t cross, which could bestow to employee collisions.
Creating specified work stations will concede you to put multiple workers behind the counter when needed. When it is busy, you may need to have 2 cashiers, another person just bagging pastries and brewing coffee, 2 baristas behind the espresso machine, a possibly even a devoted person working the blenders. If you’re preparing sandwiches and salads to order, then another person may need to be added to handle that task. Keeping your stations in close proximity to each other will concede one employee to effortlessly access all instrumentation for the duration of very slow periods of business, thence saving you priceless labor dollars.
When you arrange instrumentation in kinship to each other, keep in mind that most humans are right handed. Stepping to the right of the espresso machine to access the espresso grinder will feel more comfortable than having to move to the left. Likewise, place your ice storage bin to the right of your blenders, so when you scoop ice, you may hold the cup or blender pitcher in your left hand, and scoop with your right.
As you give rise to your store layout, the instrumentation you select will have to fit your space and the needs of your prevised business volume. A busy emplacement will most likely require a dual or twin, air pot, drip coffee brewer (one that may brew 2 pots at the same time), as opposed to a single brewer. If you expect retail a lot of blended and ice drinks, then an underneath counter ice maker, one that may only manufacture 100 pounds of ice or less per day, will not be sufficient. You will have to rather locate a high-capacity ice maker (one that may make 400 or 500 lbs. per day) in the back of the house, and transport ice to an ice keeping bin up front. Plan to fetch in frozen desserts and ice cream? Then a 1 door reach-in freezer in the back of he house will probably be highly inadequate for you storage needs, so you’ll need to consider a 2 or 3 door. I always commend a 3-group espresso machine for any emplacement that may generate 150 drinks per day or more. And, I may tell you from experience, you may never have too much arid or refrigerated storage space!
Make sure that any instrumentation you select will be satisfactory with your local bureaucracy before your buy and take deliverance of it. All instrumentation will quintessentially need to be NSF & UL approved, or have a similar, acceptable, alien certification equivalent. Your bureaucracy will most likely want to see manufacturer specification sheets on all instrumentation to verify this fact, before they’ll approve your plans.
ADA (American’s with Disabilities Act) compliance will also come into play when you are designing your coffee bar. In a good deal of areas of the country, this will only utilise to those areas of your store that will be employed by customers. However, other bureaucracies may require your entire store to be ADA compliant. Following are a good deal of of the basic requirements of compliance with the code:
• All hallways and isle ways must be 5 feet wide (minimum).
• All countertop working heights ought to be 34 inches high (instead of normal 36 inch height).
• 18 inches of free wall space ought to be provided on the strike-side of all doors (the side with the door knob).
• All hand-washing sinks will have to be ADA friendly.
• All bathrooms will have to be ADA compliant (5 foot space for wheelchair turnaround, handrails at toilet, satisfactory clearance around toilet and hand washing sink, etc.).
• No steps allowed, ramps are OK with the proper slope.
• If your space has multiple levels, then no feature may subsist on a level where handicapped access has not been provided, if that same feature does not subsist on a level where it will be accessible.
You may find the finish regulatings for ADA compliance at the following website:
Beyond the basic Equipment Floor Plan, showing new partitions, cabinets, equipment, fixtures, and furnishings, you’ll need to give rise to a lot of further and added drawings to guide your contractors and satisfy the bureaucracies.
An electrical plan will be necessary to show the emplacement of all outlets necessitated to operate equipment. Information such as voltage, amperage, phase, hertz, special instructions (like, “requires a consecrated circuit”), and the horizontal and vertical emplacement of each outlet, must all be specified.
A small, basic coffee shop might get away with a 200 amp service, but quintessentially 400 amps will be required if your instrumentation package will include items like an electric water heater, high-temperature dishwasher, or cooking instrumentation (ovens, panini grill, etc.).
In addition to the electrical work required for your coffee business-specific equipment, you may need to adjust existent electrical for further and added or reconfigured lighting, HVAC, general-purpose comfortableness outlets, and exterior signs. Also, have your electrician run any necessitated speaker wires, TV/internet cables, and cash register remote receipt printer cables at the same time they are installing electrical wires. Finally, make sure your electrician makes provisions for lighted exit signs, and a battery-powered emergency evacuation lighting system, if needed.
A plan showing all plumbing features will be necessary. At minimum, this must show stub-in locatings for all necessitated water roots (hot & cold), drains, your water heater, water purifications system, grease interceptor (if required), bathroom fixtures, etc.
While a typical P-trap drain will have to be worthy of acceptance or satisfactory for most fixtures and equipment, galore will require an air-gap drain. An air gap drain does not go through the “S”-shaped twists of the P-trap. Instead, the drain line comes straight down from the piece of instrumentation or fixture, and terminates 2 inches above the rim of a porcelain floor sink drain. This porcelain drain basin is normally installed directly into the floor. The air gap amid the drain line from your instrumentation or fixture, and the bottom of the basin, prevents any bacteria in the sewer pipe from migrating into the instrumentation or fixture. I drain the following pieces of instrumentation to a floor sink drain when creating a plumbing plan:
• espresso machine
• dipper wells
• ice maker
• ice keeping bin
• feed prep sink
• soft drink dispensing equipment
To save on the life of your water filtration system, only your espresso machine and coffee brewer will have to be supplied by with treated water. Coffee is 98% to 99% water, so good water quality is essential. Your ice maker ought to only require a simple particle filter on the incoming line (unless your water quality is terrible). There is no need to filter water that will be used for hand and dish washing, cleaning mops, flushing toilets, and washing floors!
Be conscious that some bureaucracies are now requiring a grease interceptor on the drain line from your 3-compartment ware washing sinks and automatic dishwasher. A grease interceptor is basically a box containing baffles that traps the grease before it may enter the public sewer system.
Also perceive that a typical marketing space will not come equipped with a water heater with sufficient capacity to handle your needs. Unless your space was antecedently a good deal of type of a feed service operation, you will in all likelihood need to replace it with a more prominent one.
If cutting trenches in the floor will be necessary to install porcelain floor sinks, a grease interceptor, and run drain lines, then establishing a few standard intent floor drains at this same time behind the counter, and in the back of the house, will prove useful. Floor drains will grant you to squeegee liquids away when spills occur, and when washing floors.
Finally, if you added numerous new walls for the duration of your remodel, you may need to have the fire sprinkler system for your space adjusted or reconfigured.
Drawing cabinet elevations, (the view you would have if you were standing in front of your cabinets), will be necessary for your cabinet maker to comprehend all the features they will need to comprise into your cabinet designs.
These elevations are not meant to be shop fabrication drawings for your cabinetmaker, but plainly serve a reference, showing necessitated features and desired configuration. Where do you want drawers, and beneath counter storage space; and, where do you want cabinet doors on that under counter storage? Where will have to open space be left for the placement of underneath counter refrigeration and trashcans? Will cup dispensers be installed in the cabinet face under the counter top? These elevations will provide your cabinetmaker with a clear understanding of all these features.
While your kitchen base cabinets at home are specifically 24 inches deep, for mercantile apps they ought to be 30 inches deep, and 33 inches if an beneath counter refrigerator is to be inserted. Also, when specifying the size of an open bay to accommodate underneath counter refrigeration, be sure to concede a couple of inches more than the physical dimensions of the equipment, so that it may be without apparent effort inserted and got rid of for daily cleaning.
You will need to manufacture a floor plan showing all the critical dimensions for new partitions, doors, cabinets, and fixtures. This will, of course, support make sure that everything ends up where it is suppose to be, and will be the right size.
A final thought with regards to design; unless the space you will be designing is a clean vanilla shell (meaning, not one thing presently exists in the space, except perhaps one ADA restroom), you will have to make sure that all the features that you are giving careful consideration to keeping, will be satisfactory with your local bureaucracy. Many older buildings were not designed to present codes. If the business type remains the same (your space was occupied by a feed service institution before you), then numerous times any non compliant features will be grandfathered-in, meaning you don’t have to fetch them up to current requirements. But don’t count on this! You need to check with your bureaucracies to make sure. More and more I see bureaucracies necessitating new business owners to remodel, so that all features are compliant with codes. This means you may have to rip-out bathrooms and hallways, add fire sprinkler systems, and provide ramps where there are steps. Better you know all these things before you get started your store design!
I always tell my consulting clients, that if I invent a perfective design and layout for them, they will never notice… because everything will be precisely where you would suppose it to be. Unfortunately, if you give rise to a less than optimal design for your coffee bar, you in all probability won’t realize it until you get started working in it. Changing design errors or inadequacies after the fact, may be exceedingly expensive. Not correcting those faults may even cost you more in lost potential sales. For this reason, I strongly suggest using an experienced coffee business space architect to formulate your layout for you, or at very least, to review the design you have created. Doing so will payoff with dividends.
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